[Kyoku = pole, ekstremum; Shin = truth; Kai = organization; Kan = Building, school]
Oyama - the road warrior
"I'm bugeisha - I live for karate and I think, I would die for karate. "These words of writers like Mas Oyama's karate kyokushin accompanied him throughout his life and was also the apogee. He became famous with the battles he fought with bulls, which strike Shuto (hand edge) odcinał pray. Thanks got the nickname "God's hands'.
Nowadays there are many types of martial arts, not only from the Far East. With some styles emerge next, of them the next and the next, which gradually undergo transformation and change their image. Often differ from the original only minor details, and personality changes result from various artists. These masters are trying to create a more perfect and universal style.
Such a creator of modern Japanese karate was, died 17 years ago, Oyama Masutatsu and founded his style of Karate Kyokushinkai (kyokushin is seeking the highest truth in terms of physical, mental and spiritual).
This style has many opponents and is criticized by many, especially non-contact karate adepts. The effectiveness and simplicity of the techniques introduced by Oyama and kumite fight without the use of pads and full contact, attract many practitioners. Therefore Kyokushinkai counts as one of the hardest styles of martial arts. Thousands of athletes around the world, people attest to its effectiveness and practicality.
It is worth briefly recall the life of the creator of Kyokushin Karate. Choi Young And - because that is his real name, born 27.07.1923 r. in a village not far from Gunsan in Southern Korea. At the age of 2 he was sent to his sister in Manchuria (northern China). Full, having 9 years, began his adventure with the martial arts, practicing kung fu, Chinese originally called Eighteen hands Luohe, And after returning to Korea at the age of 12 he began to practice his Korean variant. In 1936 r. gains in this martial arts master's degree. With 15 years he found himself in Japan, where he lived with a wealthy family of a Korean immigrant named Oyama. In a family that had two sons: Shigeru i Yasuhiko. In- Choi was hired as a bodyguard and tutor younger son Yasuhiko. With the consent of the family Oyama, I-Choi Young changed his name to Mas Oyama. Soon he enrolled in flight school in Tokyo, Yamanashi. Unfortunately, for various reasons had to stop school and work. At the same time still practiced martial arts, expanding their knowledge. At that time, was a disciple of the greatest master of karate on the main island of Japan, Funakoshi Gishina. At the age of 17 he won a second, and at the age of 20 fourth. He was also the holder 4 given in judo. In 1945 r. Oyama wstępuje do samobójczych oddziałów kamikadze. Before his death saves him end the war. In 1946 r. starts to study physical education at Waseda University in Tokyo. With 23 lata poznaje Yoshikawa Eiji, author of the novel "Musashi", which helps him to know and understand the philosophy of bushido.
Oyama's character and ability to shape the successive masters, who practiced, and travel across Japan, during which explored their knowledge in this area. An adopted and improve upon techniques from various fighting systems. A lot of reading on this subject and visited all major martial arts. Great influence on his choice had a way of life So Nei Chu - Goju Ryu Korean karate champion. For several years he taught Oyama. Advised him, that he devoted his life to martial arts. For this purpose, in Oyama 1946 r. I go on to the top Kiyosumi in Chiba Prefecture, where he remained alone for eighteen months tempering his spirit and body. The reasons for its decision and stay in the mountains as he recalled in his later relationships:
"I decided to conduct a similar lifestyle, because I was afraid, that evil sown by World War II to destroy my spirit of karate. After all, have spent all their energy on fighting in the alleys of the street with American soldiers, Japanese girls who are harassed and ordinary hooligans. Many of my friends advised against me to go to the mountains. They considered it as nonsense and said, that dedication to karate in the times, when there is a firearm is absurd. There were some, who were knocking on his forehead and said, that one man at eighty million may behave in such an idiotic way. However, it does not become the opinions and I went to the mountains. I took swords, włócznie, several books and blood. My day began at four in the morning. As soon as I woke up, I ran to the nearest stream, to wash in cold water. After breakfast, which consisted of portions of grains of rice and peas, I read until noon. I started training in the afternoon. I hit a tree wrapped in vines manual techniques Seiken, nukite, shuto oraz nożnymi. Throughout this eighteen-month period was not the day I rested. In the evenings I sat against the wall of my hut, which was drawn a circle and stared at him. This was my practice of concentration and release of thought and reason of anything unrelated ideas. With time, however, changed the method of training the mind. My challenge has become a rock. He collected stones, I have corresponded in size and shape. Then I tried to break them in half technique Shuto. Unfortunately, my attempts were unsuccessful. But do not give up. For the next day still trying to achieve this goal. At night, sat in his hut, his eyes fixed in stone, which lay before me. It was my new method of concentration exercises. One time, when she was a full moon, something within me stirred. Here I felt the power of, which gave me faith in the breakdown of lying next to the boulder. Technik zastosowałem Uklęknąłem of Shuto. The stone split into two equal parts. I did it! Since then, every day many of the stones broke his hand. When I left the forest hermitage, around the hut was full porozbijanych boulders. "
After returning from the mountains in 1947 r. took part in the first post-war ogólnojapońskich wszechstyli karate championships in Kyoto. He won it in grand style by defeating all opponents, thereby gaining notoriety across the country. His exploits aroused great admiration and interest. In 1950 r. as the only karate in the history of Japan decided to fight with the bull, whom he defeated with his bare hands. Also preparing to fight a bear and a tiger. There came to them, but because of numerous protests by organizations who care about animal rights. In these struggles seek to show the maximum possible non-fulfillment of man's long-term self-improvement while the possession of the great fighting spirit. He tried to show the enormous power of kyokushin, which was not so much on physical strength, Unless the power of human spirit. Sam said, that:
"It is not hard to beat in a bull fight. Even 800- kilogramowego. There is however a condition - not to fear him. "
To promote his karate left in 1952 r. to USA, where he gave numerous presentations. In subsequent years, he fought a total of 53 fighting ring, all the beating. After one such show in the U.S., "New York Times" described him as "God Hand". Since then repeatedly traveled abroad promoting his karate around the world.
Forbade his disciples to blows on the head, though in combat sports training and allowed for full contact between the warring, without the use of protectors. Great importance was for him the spiritual aspect of karate, the knowledge of which placed great emphasis. To differentiate from other Kyokushin style of karate, created something, what might be called the code of bushido karate. This is the oath dojo - selected set of ethical principles and moral, according to which the karateka should follow. Composed of seven points of the Code says about the pursuit of excellence, both physically and spiritually through the practice of karate, the obligation to respect elders and love for their parents, and refraining from violence. Also prohibits the use and spread beyond the art of karate dojo. Simultaneously, the rules should be accompanied by polite karate. Oyama thought, that without all that growers will only kyokushin osiłkiem arousing disgust in humans.
“Karate ni sente nashi”- Karate technique has never been aggressive
This maxim master and founder of Shotokan Karate – Funakoshi Gichin. Just thought Mas Oyama and the whole time he taught his disciples the. Still trying to hone their skills or. To this end, gave rise to a special test kumite. During three consecutive days fought against the best from his school karatekami. A total of three hundred opponents defeated. Because this was a feat not repeated by anyone else, Oyama has changed some of its structure and limited the test to one hundred battles in one day. To date, this test is positively passed the 15 karateka. As the first made this Shihan Steve Arneil in 1965 r. The last, who has successfully passed the test was Sensei Arthur Hovhannisian in 29.03.2009 years.
Opened his first dojo on a lawn in the area Mejiro in Tokyo 1954 r. Called the “Oyama dojo” and trenowało in it then some 80 karateka. Only in 1956 he moved to a former ballet studio behind Rikkyo University. At the training sessions when the players come from different schools of karate. 01.10.1963 r. International Organization formed with the main Kyokushinkai Honbu dojo in Tokyo. It is the authorities in 1975 r. Oyamie confer the highest degree of initiation in the art of karate – 9 than, then 10. In the same year took place And the World Open Tournament Kyokushin Karate in Tokyo.
In 1983 r. Soshu Oyama Shigeru, his brother, Yasuhiko 8 Dan oraz Miura Miuki 7 Dan wanting to realize his vision brought to life Karate World Oyama Karate Organization. In a split occurred kyokushin. Ten years later, Oyama stayed in Poland. At the Oyama Cup Tournament in Katowice "Spodek" greeted him 22- thousandth crowd. It was his last trip abroad. During his life he wrote 30 books on karate. Died 26.04.1994 r. aged 71 years. At his funeral arrived in Tokyo, even those students, who years before had left him and pozakładali worldwide own karate organizations. In his last farewell by him one thousand athletes, who in this way the last time he wanted to pay tribute. He was succeeded by 37-year-old Shokei Matsui 8 than world champion kyokushin, which also successfully passed Test hundred kum. Simultaneously with the death of the great master of the world kyokushin came to the next division. Wyodrębniło several organizations competing.
And although the death of Oyama's been ten years is still his character remains alive. Top Mitsumine come each year to train karate karateka from around the world.
Interview : Oyama Masutatsu
Documentary film : Oyama Masutatsu
I do not have parents: Heaven and earth do her parents.
I have no home: Awareness of their home do.
I have no life and death: breathing rhythm do his life and death.
I have no divine power: honesty do his divine power.
I have no means of: I do understand its means.
I have no magic secrets: nature do its magic secret.
I have no body: strength I do. her body.
I do not have eyes: I make light of lightning my eyes.
I do not have ears: sensitivity of their ears do.
I do not have members: reflexes do its members.
I do not have a strategy: “nieprzyćmiona thought ” this is my. strategy.
I do not have a plan: “do not miss the opportunity ” This is my plan.
I have no miracles: “appropriate action ” my miracles.
I do not have rules: adapting to all circumstances my principles.
I have no tactics: I make emptiness and fullness of his tactics.
I have no talent: I do mind fit my talent.
I have no friends: I do own mind his friend.
I'm not the enemy: I make her an enemy of recklessness
I have no armor: I make benevolence and righteousness of his armor.
I have no castle: I do mind his constant claim.
I do not have a sword: absence of the ego do its sword.
Anonymous Samurai, Fourteenth century